Expanded
Expanded jacketed hollow point bullet

Hollow point bullets have been banned in international warfare since The Hague Convention of 1899. These bullets explode on impact and cause massive damage to any victim struck with them.

Hollow points are so unnecessarily lethal that even the Nazis in World War Two obeyed the international treaties and refused to use them. But Berkeley and many other police forces in the US are using them now against our own people.

Dr. Eliot Specht, an award winning physicist at Oak Ridge National Laboratory and a 2012 Fellow of the American Physical Society, has this to say about police departments' stated reason for using hollow points:

"The argument that hollow point bullets protect bystanders doesn’t make sense."


Judge Hatchett adds:

"Philando Castile was killed by that type of bullet. Five bullets, two fatal bullets that ruptured his heart. All so senseless and despicable."


It appears that the police may have intentionally lied to us about their reasons for using hollow point bullets. An unstated reason to use them is to inflict as much damage as possible on suspects, while inflicting that same damage on any innocent bystanders hit by them.

The FBI, which in 1990 created the overly-powerful .40 caliber Smith & Wesson ammunition that thousands of American police forces are now using, recently admitted that they were wrong in upgunning to such a destructive weapon.

The .40 caliber has around twice the muzzle energy of the .38 Special that police had successfully used for many decades previously. Bullet energy is a major cause of intentional damage to a human target.

The combination of the .40 caliber muzzle energy and the jacketed hollow point bullet types that police are now using results in a massively and unnecessarily destructive weapon.

Approximately 70 to 80 percent of the bullets police fire miss their intended target and continue on until they hit something or someone.

This problem is particularly bad with the .40 caliber because its excessive power causes much more recoil than a .38 Special or 9mm. That recoil causes the pistol to point so far off the target that the weapon is less effective that the others.

Since it is less likely to hit the indended target, it is more likely to hit an innocent bystander. And when a .40 caliber jacketed hollow point bullet hits a bystander, it is often one-hit-one-kill.

Now many police forces, like Berkeley and Oakland, still haven't followed the FBI's lead in switching back to less lethal and more effective ammunition. Oakland no longer provides .40 caliber pistols to its officers, but it allows them to buy their own .40s and use them on the job.

The Police Accountability Board will have the power to thoroughly investigate the issues surrounding the .40 caliber Smith & Wesson jacketed hollow point ammunition, and decide whether there is another more appropriate weapon for the Berkeley Police Department to use.


Oscar
Oscar Grant, see BET

Oscar Grant was 22 years old when he was killed by a single hollow point bullet from a BART police .40 caliber pistol.

Kate
Kate Steinle, see Daily News article

Kate Steinle was 32 years old when she was killed by a single hollow point bullet from a stolen Bureau of Land Management .40 caliber pistol.


Tom Smith Jr., see Mercury News article

Tom Smith Jr. was 42 years old when he was killed by a single hollow point bullet from a BART police pistol.

Media did not report on the exact weapon, but BART Police Chief Kenton Rainey said officers "typically carry a 10 mm Glock or a .40-caliber Sig Sauer."

The 10mm is a more-powerful version of the .40 caliber.